Cellulite is fat, water and lymphatic fluid which is
trapped in a web of tough collagen fibres under the skin. If
this connective tissue is weakened, small pockets of fat and fluid
can then push through towards the surface of the skin and
therefore become more visible. It is generally seen on thighs
and the bottom but can appear on the calves, ankles, stomach, and
upper arms and it usually occurs after puberty.
The causes of cellulite are not well understood, but there
are a few theories, amongst these are:
- Hormonal factors - hormones are likely to play an
important role in cellulite development. It is
believed that estrogen, insulin, noradrenaline, thyroid
hormones, and prolactin are part of the cellulite production
- Genetics - certain genes are required for cellulite
development. Genes may predispose an individual to particular
characteristics associated with cellulite, such as gender, race,
metabolism, distribution of fat just underneath the skin, and
- Diet - people who eat too much fat, too many of the
wrong carbohydrates, or salt and too little fiber are likely
to have greater amounts of cellulite.
- Lifestyle factors - cellulite may be more prevalent in smokers,
those who do not exercise, and those who sit or stand in one
position for long periods of time, all of which impact on the
circulatory system and lymphatic drainage.
- Clothing - underwear with tight elastic across the buttocks
(limiting blood flow) may contribute to the formation of
Why do women have more cellulite than men?
Women have a vertical distribution of collagen fibres in
their lower body whereas men have a criss-cross formation. This
straight up and down arrangement of fibers is the major reason
females get cellulite and men do not.
The vertical distribution of female collagen fibers, more
prevalent in the female lower body, form a pocket in which fat
cells then grow (see the picture above). As the fat
cells increase in size they are essentially 'fenced
in' and packed tightly together by the collagen
fibers. Imagine a sponge ball stuffed in between links in
the fence. This tight packing of fat inside the "collagen
pocket"creates the characteristic puckering of cellulite.
Recommended treatments for cellulite:
- Radio Frequency
- DermaPure Roller
- Massage with G5
Q: How does the Radio Frequency break down cellulite?
A: The monopolar radio frequency waves create a thermal reaction
within the area that is being treated. This heat can reach
depths of 18 mm within the skin. This depth is at a level of
the subcutaneous layer (hypodermis) where the adipose tissue
Adipocytes make up the adipose tissue and these cells play
an important role. They are an energy store, insulate and
protect vital organs.
Within the adipose cell there is a nucleus, cytoplasm,
mitochondria, other organelles and a fat reservoir, this
reservoir makes up approximately 90% of the cell. This fat
reservoir houses triglyceride molecules these cause the
adipocyte cells to increase in size creating a larger volume
of tissue and can contribute to cellulite.
Adipocytes are highly thermolabile meaning they are easily
changeable by heat. When the mono polar is applied to an area
the deeper tissues are heated by the radio frequency waves
vibrating the water molecules in the tissue. This affects the
collagen in the area and the adipocytes: the lipids within
the cell start to breakdown using the process of the LPL
(lipoprotein lipase) which breaks the triglyceride molecules
into glycerol and free fatty acids. Glycerol is a non soluble
molecule and this is transported by the albumin in the blood
to cells which need energy, the fatty acids are transported
to the liver by the interstitial fluid within the blood and
then excreted as needed. This results in the adipocytes reducing in
size. This process can take a week to several weeks to be